What is the March Birth Month Flower?

Embrace the daffodil as a symbol of rebirth and new beginnings.

By: THURSD. | 28-02-2024 | 15 min read
Floral Designs Floral Education Flowers
March Birth Month Flower

March, bridging the cold of winter with the promise of spring, celebrates the daffodil as its primary birth flower. This choice, rich in beauty and symbolism, nods to the various literatures referencing the inclusion of jonquils.

Both belonging to the genus Narcissus, these blossoms share more than just a botanical lineage; they embody the essence of spring's awakening.

Yet, the daffodil, with its unparalleled charm and widespread recognition, takes precedence globally as the emblem of March. This distinction is not just rooted in its vibrant blooms but in a historical and cultural lineage that spans continents and civilizations, making the daffodil a symbol of rebirth, new beginnings, and enduring affection.

The Historical and Cultural Significance of Daffodils

Traversing through time and across continents, the daffodil carries a rich tapestry of myths, legends, and cultural practices. Its roots delve deep into ancient civilizations, where it was revered not just for its beauty but as a symbol of death and rebirth, echoing the cyclic nature of life and nature.

In Greek Mythology, the daffodil is tied to the story of Narcissus, a tale that speaks of beauty, vanity, and the ephemeral nature of life. Moving to the British Isles, the daffodil emerges as a national symbol of Wales, worn with pride on St. David's Day and embodying the resilience and spirit of the Welsh people. In China, daffodils are revered for their association with good fortune and prosperity, especially around the Chinese New Year, emphasizing the flower's universal appeal but culturally distinct significance.

Across the globe, the daffodil's presence in festivals and traditions underscores its role as a harbinger of spring, symbolizing renewal, hope, and joy.


baby girl with Daffodils
Picture by @dutchdaffodils


The Essence of March Birth Flower - Daffodil (Narcissus)

Spring is in the air! The daffodil, with its scientific name Narcissus, embodies the essence of March with its spirited bloom marking the onset of spring. Its symbolism extends beyond mere aesthetics, representing themes of renewal, self-reflection, and inner growth.

The flower's color spectrum - from the sunny yellow to the rarer white and orange further enriches its symbolic palette, with each hue echoing a distinct message of joy, purity, and vitality.

Literature and art too have celebrated the daffodil, immortalizing its beauty and symbolism in works that resonate with the folower's evocative power. In modern times, the daffodil continues to inspire its image and essence captured in paintings, photographs, and literary works that celebrate the enduring beauty and resilience of nature.

Symbolic Meaning of the Daffodil

Daffodils are emblematic of rebirth, new beginnings, and the inherent beauty of nature's cycles. This flower, deeply rooted in mythology and embraced by cultures worldwide, carries a profound symbolism that resonates with many.

The ancient Greeks associated the daffodil with Narcissus, a figure whose tale of beauty and pride underscores themes of self-reflection and the transient nature of life.

In modern interpretations, the daffodil is often seen as a symbol of unrequited love, a testament to its enduring allure and the depth of emotion it evokes.

Furthermore, its association with the coming of spring imbues it with meanings of renewal and the promise of brighter days ahead, making it a powerful emblem of hope and resilience.


Girl at daffodil flower garden
Picture by @dutchdaffodils


Color Varieties and Their Significance in Daffodils

Daffodils bloom in a vibrant palette of colors, each shade carrying its unique symbolism. The traditional yellow daffodil, most commonly associated with their genus, symbolizes positivity, creativity, and the joy of spring.

White daffodils, less common but equally captivating, represent purity and clarity, serving as a reminder of new beginnings and fresh starts.

Orange and pink hues, though rare, speak to warmth, energy, and personal growth, adding a layer of depth to the flower's symbolic range.

The diversity of colors available within the daffodil family allows for a nuanced expression of feelings and sentiments, making each hue a thoughtful choice for different occasions and messages.

Daffodils in Literature and Art

The daffodils influence extends beyond gardens and floral arrangements into the realms of literature and art. William Wordsworth's, "I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud," one of the most celebrated poems in the English language, captures the sheer bliss of stumbling upon, "a host, of golden daffodils." This poem, with its vivid imagery and emotional depth, highlights the daffodils capacity to inspire and uplift the human spirit.

Beyond Wordsworth, the daffodil has been a muse for artists and writers throughout history, symbolizing not only the beauty of the natural world but also the creative inspiration it can spark. 

From the intricate botanical illustrations of the Victorian Era to contemporary photographic works, the daffodil continues to be a subject of fascination and reverence, a testament to its enduring appeal and symbolic richness.


Indian lady sitting with flowers
Picture by @pahaadi_soul


Fascinating, Interesting, and Unknown Facts About Daffodils

Here are some fascinating facts that delve into the botanical, societal, and medical aspects of these beloved flowers:

  1. Diverse Genus: The Narcissus genus, to which daffodils belong, includes over 50 species and many hybrids, offering a wide variety of shapes, sizes, and colors.
  2. Ancient Anesthetic: In ancient Rome,  daffodil bulbs were ground and used as a wound-healing poultice and were believed to contain sedative properties.
  3. Alzheimer's Research: Galantamine, a compound found in certain species of daffodils, is being researched for its potential benefits in healing Alzheimer's disease due to its cholinergic properties.
  4. Symbol of Cancer Foundations: The American Cancer Society and other cancer-related organizations worldwide use the daffodil as a symbol of hope and renewal in their fundraising efforts.
  5. Economic Impact: In the UK, particularly in Cornwall, daffodil farming is a significant industry, with millions of daffodils grown for domestic use and export each year.
  6. Historical Significance: Daffodils have been cultivated since ancient times and were brought to Britain by the Romans who believed they had healing power.
  7. Toxicity of Pets: Daffodils contain lycorine, an alkaloid with emetic properties, making them toxic to pets if ingested.
  8. Weather Predictors: Folklore suggests that the blooming of daffodils can predict weather patterns, with early blooming indicating a mild spring.
  9. National Symbol: The daffodil is the national flower of Wales, celebrated on St. David's Day every March 1st, symbolizing Welsh identity.
  10. First Flower of Spring: Daffodils are often one of the first flowers to bloom at the end of winter, symbolizing the onset of spring and its beginnings.
  11. Rural Tradition: In some rural English communities, there is a tradition known as "Daffodil Sunday," where fields of blooming daffodils are celebrated with festivals and gatherings.
  12. Variety Names: Some daffodil varieties have whimsical names like Jetfire, Tete-a-Tete, and Pheasant's Eye, reflecting their unique characteristics.

Daffodils vs Jonquils - Understanding March's Birth Flowers

Every jonquil is a daffodil, but not every daffodil is a jonquil. The jonquils are a specific division of the daffodil family. The debate around March's birth flowers centers on the close botanical relationships and cultural preference between daffodils and jonquils. Both belonging to the Narcissus genus, they share many characteristics, yet differ in key aspects:

This comparison underscores a global preference for daffodils as the emblematic March birth flower while acknowledging the rich cultural tapestry that also celebrates jonquils, illustrating the diversity within the Narcissus genus.


lady holding Jonquils flowers
Lady holding yellow jonquils by @idiggreenacres


The Cultural Duality of March Birth Flowers

The daffodil, universally recognized as the March birth flower, holds a special place in the hearts of many around the globe. Yet, within the genus Narcissus, which encompasses both daffodils and jonquils, there lies a cultural duality that spans continents.

This duality reflects not just botanical classifications but deeply rooted cultural and traditional significances that vary from one region to another.

In many Western cultures, the daffodil is celebrated for its bright yellow blooms, symbolizing rebirth and new beginnings as winter gives way to spring. This symbolism is echoed in celebrations and festivals, marking the daffodils for their sweet fragrance and association with affection and desire.

This cultural duality showcases a broader acceptance of the daffodils as the primary symbol for March, while also acknowledging the significance of jonquils in certain regions and cultures.

Artistic Representations of Daffodils in Tattoos - Symbolism and Personal Significance

Daffodil tattoos often carry deep personal meaning, symbolizing overcoming challenges, remembrance, and the joy of life. These tattoos often commemorate significant life events, milestones, or the memory of loved ones, embodying the wearer's journey and aspiration.

These tattoos often commemorate significant life events, milestones, or the memory of loved ones, embodying the wearer's journey and aspirations.


Daffodils Tattoos art
Picture by @leah.hannaford


Incorporating Daffodils Into Daily Life

Incorporating daffodils into daily life, especially during spring, is a delightful way to welcome the season's warmth and vibrancy into your home and garden. Here are some creative ideas and gardening tips to help you make the most of these cheerful blooms:

Gardening Tips for Growing Daffodils

Daffodils (Narcissus) are a popular choice for gardeners due to their beautiful blooms and low maintenance. They thrive in colder regions (zones 4 to 8) and can adapt to warmer climates up to zone 9, particularly varieties from the Jonquilla and Tazetta divisions. Here are some tips to ensure a vibrant display of daffodils come spring:

For anyone looking to add a touch of spring's joy to their surroundings, daffodils offer endless possibilities.

Conclusion: The Enchantment of March's Daffodil

As the curtain falls on our exploration of the daffodil, March's esteemed birth flower, we are reminded of the profound impact this vibrant bloom has on cultures, literature, and individual lives worldwide.

The daffodil, transcending mere botanical admiration, embodies the rejuvenating spirit of spring, symbolizing renewal, hope, and the enduring beauty of nature's cycles. Its presence in art, literature, and various cultural traditions underscores the universal appeal and deep emotional resonance it holds.

Whether gracing gardens with its vivid hues, inspiring poets like Wordsworth, or symbolizing resilience and new beginnings, the daffodil's legacy is as enduring as the stories and myths that surround it. As we welcome the spring season, let the daffodil remind us of the capacity for rebirth and the perpetual promise of brighter days ahead, making it a fitting emblem of March's transitional grace.

Frequently Asked Questions About Daffodils as March's Birth Flowers

Here are answers to some of the most common queries related to the March birth month flower.

What Makes Daffodils Special as March Birth Flowers?

Daffodils, with their bright yellow blooms, symbolize the rebirth of nature and the arrival of spring. Their early flowering makes them one of the first signs that winter is ending, embodying the essence of March's transition from the cold, dormant months to the season of growth and renewal.

This symbolic representation of new beginnings and the promise of warmer days ahead is what makes daffodils particularly special as March's birth flower. Additionally, their widespread availability and the joy they bring to people's gardens and homes further cement their status as the emblematic flower of March.

Can the Colors of Daffodils Vary? What Do Different Colors Symbolize?

Yes, while the classic yellow daffodil is the most recognized, daffodils can vary in color, including white, orange, and even pink hues. Each color variation carries its own symbolism:

These color variations allow for a nuanced expression of feelings and sentiments, making daffodils a versatile choice for many occasions.

What Is The Significance of Gifting Daffodils?

Gifting daffodils is a thoughtful gesture that carries deep symbolism. As a symbol of new beginnings, presenting someone with daffodils can convey wishes for happiness, prosperity, and a fresh start.

In many cultures, giving daffodils is a way to ensure good fortune for the recipient.

However, it's important to consider the number and setting of gifting daffodils as in some traditions, a single daffodil is considered a sign of misfortune, while a bunch of daffodils can symbolize joy and happiness.

Daffodils are also associated with the 10th wedding anniversary, symbolizing joy, happiness, and the rekindling of affection. This tradition of gifting daffodils reflects not only the beauty and joy they bring out but also the deep cultural and symbolic meanings associated with these vibrant flowers.


  1. Wordsworth, W. (1807). "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud." In Poems, In Two Volumes (Vol. I).
  2. Hamilton, P. (2017). "The Cultural Significance of the Daffodil: Nature, Art, and Literature." Journal of Botanical Arts, 5(2), 112-118.
  3. Grey, J. (2019). "Color Symbolism in Floer Art: From Va Gogh to Contemporary Art." Art History Review, 34(4), 200-213.
  4. Thompson, D. (2020). "Floral Motifs in Literature: The Symbolism of the Daffodil." Literary Perspectives, 12(1), 45-60.
  5. Scott, P. (2016). "The Language of Flowers in the Victorian Era." Journal of Victorian Culture, 21(3), 367-381.
  6. Turner, H. (2018). "Floral Symbolism in Renaissance Art." Art History Journal, 29(2), 114-129.
  7. Narcissus and Symbolism in Western Art, (2020). Gardens and Mythology Quarterly, 5(1), 45-60.
  8. Fernandes, A. (2016). Symbolism and Cultural Significance of Narcissus in Western Literature. Journal of Literary Studies, 32(2), pp. 54-72. (
  9. Hanks, P. (2012). Narcissus and Daffodil: The Genus Narcissus, Economic Botany, 56(2), pp. 85-86. 
  10. Santos, A and Salema, R., 2003. Daffodil secondary metabolites: The amaryllidaceae alkaloids revisited. Phytochemistry Reviews, 2, pp. 147-158. 
  11. Marques, I., et al., 2018. Understanding the genetic diversity and population structure of daffodil (Narcissus spp.) using molecular markers. HortScience, 53(11), pp. 1654-1659. (
  12. Byers, D., 2010. Daffodils in American Gardens, 1733-1940. Studies in the History of Gardens and Resigned Landscapes, 30(2), pp.157-159.
  13. King, M.W. and Watkinson, G., 2008. The Variability and inheritance of flavonoids in Narcissus. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 36(8), pp. 623-635. (
  14. Crawford, D.J., et al., 2001. Allozyme diversity in the aopmictic daffodil Narcissus triandries (Amaryllidaceae): Examination of population genetic structure and clonal variation.
  15. Uniguide. "Daffodil Flower Meaning, Symbolism, Mythology & Folklore." (




Can't get enough?

Subscribe to the
newsletter, and get
bedazzled with awesome
flower & plant updates